Pagrindinis > Skin diseases > Granuloma annulare

Granuloma annulare

Granuloma annulare - Generalized granuloma
Granuloma annulare– a benign inflammatory skin disease that typically presents as circular, discolored, smooth papules (small, palpable skin bumps) or plaques (larger, palpable skin bumps).


  • The causes of the disease usually remain unknown, related to the response of the immune system to a certain stimulus
  • It can appear at any age, the localized form is more common in children and adolescents, and the generalized form in older age. Twice as often in women than in men
  • It often occurs in healthy individuals
  • Sometimes it can be associated with autoimmune diseases, diabetes or thyroid disorders, in rare cases with malignant tumors, lymphoma, serious infections such as HIV
Granuloma annulare localized granuloma arm
Granuloma annulare localized granuloma on the arm
Granuloma annulare localized granuloma on the leg
Clinical symptoms:

Most often, ring granuloma does not have expressive, bothersome symptoms.
It is usually divided into two main forms:

  • Localized (about 75% of all cases)
  • Generalized (about 15% of all cases, the rash spreads over the entire skin of the body, it may be itchy)

Granuloma annulare is characterized by a rash:

  • in the case of a localized form: ring-shaped pink papules or plaques, with a smooth (smooth) surface, up to 5 cm in size
  • in the case of the generalized form: multiple, ring-shaped, flesh-colored or pink papules.


upper limbs are often affected, legs are less often affected. Depending on the form, both one and several areas of the body may be affected. In the case of a generalized form, it can be on the abdomen, back and limbs


Data from the patient’s survey and examination are usually sufficient to establish a preliminary diagnosis. A skin biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis, the results of which are combined with other data.

Treatment and prognosis

While the rash often diminishes on its own within a few months, recurrence is possible. Therefore, treatment might be necessary either to prevent recurrence or for cosmetic reasons.

During the consultation, the doctor devises a personalized treatment plan based on the specific form of the disease. Various methods can be considered for treatment:

  1. Injection of medication into the affected area.
  2. Topical ointments.
  3. Creams designed to modulate the immune response.
  4. Light-based therapy.
  5. Laser treatment.
  6. Medications that help in managing the condition.
  7. In certain scenarios, therapies that target specific aspects of the immune system could be used.
If you are unsure about your diagnosis and over-the-counter remedies from the pharmacy don’t help – seek help from a dermatologist!
iDerma team will provide a consultation within 24 hours, explain your diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment remotely!
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+370 670 70822