Pagrindinis > Skin diseases > Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis Skin disease
Contact dermatitis (eczema) is a common inflammatory skin disease that causes red, itchy and often scaly skin. Rashes are caused by touching an irritating (irritating) and immediately damaging substance, or one to which you are allergic.


  • Redness, swelling;
  • Itching
  • Dandruff

A more difficult course:

  • Blisters, vesicles, nodules
  • Pain
  • Cracks
  • Urination
  • Scabies
  • Skin thickening
Contact dermatitis of the hands
Contact dermatitis
There are two types of contact dermatitis:

Allergic contact dermatitis
– When your skin comes into direct contact with an allergen, your immune system is activated and rashes appear as soon as 12 to 48 hours after the first contact with the substance, but also after a week or a month using the same substance.

Common allergens: metals (nickel, chromium, cobalt), fragrances, preservatives (formaldehyde, parabens, methylchloroisothiazolines), Peruvian balsam, latex, etc.

Irritant contact dermatitis
– A physical, mechanical or chemical breach of the skin barrier caused by direct contact of the skin with an irritant (irritant).

Common irritants: products used every day (detergents, softeners, laundry detergents, cleaning products).

The diagnosis of contact dermatitis is based on your medical history (questionnaire) and physical examination (examination, palpation). Specialised tests – the allergen patch test – are only performed when the diagnosis is unclear or the treatment is ineffective, and are prescribed by a dermatovenerologist or allergist.

How can you prevent contact dermatitis?Preventive measures

  • Avoid contact with substances that cause dermatitis;
  • Wear rubber gloves when doing household chores and cotton gloves underneath;
  • Apply nourishing and barrier (oily) skin emollients (creams, ointments) 2-3 times a day and after each hand wash.

First aid for dermatitis:

  • Do not touch substances that may have caused dermatitis;
  • Wash surfaces and areas of the body touched by the allergen or irritant with water;
  • Apply nourishing and top barrier emollients (creams, ointments) 2-3 times a day and after each hand wash;

Interesting and important to know:

  • Contact dermatitis is not hereditary and not contagious;
  • 20% people in the world have been diagnosed with contact dermatitis at least once;
  • Irritant dermatitis accounts for ~80% of all dermatitis cases of contact dermatitis;
  • The disease is more common in women than in men, due to their more frequent household chores and occupation;
  • See your doctor if the rash does not go away within 2 weeks or gets worse;
If you are unsure about your diagnosis and over-the-counter remedies from the pharmacy don’t help – seek help from a dermatologist!
The iDerma team will give you a consultation within 24 hours, explain your diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment remotely!
Dermatologist Consultation Online
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MB iDerma
Fabijoniškės g. 99, Vilnius
+370 670 70 822


MB iDerma
Fabijoniškės g. 99, Vilnius
+370 670 70822